Home Ministry of Law & Justice GoI
In the UK the upper house is appointed by the government as a house of review. One criticism of bicameral systems with two elected chambers is that the upper and lower houses may simply mirror one another. The traditional justification of bicameralism is that an upper chamber acts as a house of review. Some countries allow their highest judicial authority to overrule legislation they determine to be unconstitutional. For example, in Brown v. Board of Education, the United States Supreme Court nullified many state statutes that had established racially segregated schools, finding such statutes to be incompatible with the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Jurimetrics is the formal application of quantitative methods, especially probability and statistics, to legal questions.
- Similarly, traditional Chinese law gave way to westernisation towards the final years of the Qing Dynasty in the form of six private